「D」After the -te form of verbs, indicates an action begins immediately after the previous one ends: "after."
Kinō watashi wa shigoto wa owatte kara kaimono o shimashita.
Yesterday I went shopping after finishing work.
Ashita no yoru, shokuji o shite kara eiga o mimasen ka.
How about seeing a movie tomorrow night after [having] dinner.
「E」After the -te form of verbs, used to indicate the passage of time: "since, for."
Yamada-san ga daigaku o sotsugyō shite kara gonen ni narimasu.
Five years have passed since Yamada graduated college.
Ano futari ga kekkon shite kara nijū-nen da sō desu.
I understand that it is twenty years since those two were married.
「I hear that those two have been married for twenty years.」
「F」Used to indicate materials used: "from."
NOTE: Kara and de are similar in usage. however, the former tends to accompany materials that are the result of a somewhat complex process, whereas the latter is generally used with materials that retain, or appear to retain, their original state, such as wood, rock, leather, paper, and glass.
Wain wa budō kara tsukurimasu.
Wine is made from grapes.
Tōfu wa nani kara tsukuru ka shitte imasu ka.
Do you know what tofu is made from?
Hope this was helpful!
And see you for part 3!
°˖ ✧◝(○ ヮ ○)◜✧˖ ° こゆうきあいはら °˖ ✧◝(○ ヮ ○)◜✧˖ °