「Adjectives and Adverbs」
These modifiers are separate from I- and Na- adjectives.
Two sets of demonstratives (This, and That) are used like adjectives that are placed before nouns.
Konna、こんな・This kind of
Sonna、そんな・That kind of
Anna、あんな・That kind of
Donna、どんな・What kind of
When there are items in sight of the speaker, kono, and konna are used in order to indicate when they are close 「Kono zasshi、 このざっし・This magazine」while sono and sonna is used when the item is closer to the listener 「Sonna tokei、そんあとけい・That kind of watch.」If the subject items are a distance away from both speaker and listener, then ano and anna is applicable 「Ano tatemono、あの建物・That building over there.」When a subject is interrogative, dono, and donna are used 「Sore wa donna tokoro desu ka、それはどんあ処ですか？・What kind of place is it?」When the subject is not in sight, to either people, sono and sonna are used to refer to items known by the speaker, or referenced naturally in the course of conversation 「Sono hito、その人・That person.(I met/recently mentioned)」When the subject is known by both speaker and listener, then ano and anna is applicable 「Anna kuruma、あんあくるま・That kind of car (that we saw)」
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